Internet Service Provider Peering (ISP Peering)
Internet Service Provider Peering (ISP Peering) is the interconnection arrangement between multiple Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to exchange traffic with each other. Peering establishes direct connections to exchange internet traffic without having to rely on third-party networks.
The direct exchange improves the performance of networks, reduces the latency, and enhances the efficiency of the transfer of data between connected ISPs. By exchanging traffic directly, it takes a more direct route which results in a faster and more effective communication.
Peering typically happens at locations called Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) IXPs are physical location with multiple ISPs and network operators connect their networks to exchange traffic. They serve as a meeting place for the peering relationships.
ISP peering is fundamental to the modern global internet infrastructure. It adds resiliency to the internet and more interconnected by allowing ISPs to work together and efficiently move data between networks. Peering relationships contribute to the overall stability, health, and performance of the internet by reducing long routes for data transmission.